This chair seat is called “Nap Time” and features Sandy and Rori napping against the night sky. The design is based on my photos of the two napping on my bed. I’m experimenting with different colors and textures of yarn to find the best for picturing the cats.
I used my homespun and millspun hand dyed yarns, all of which are wool/ mohair blends (details). The backing is 100% cotton Monk’s Cloth. I used 8×8 epi cloth since I’d already washed the fabric and drawn the design on this cloth found in my stash. The next chair seat will use the new 13 epi cloth I ordered as it is designed for rug hooking and should make the hooking go more quickly and efficiently.
I designed Starry Nights roving with various blues, purple and black with bits of yellow to look like the night sky in weaving and rug hooking. This “rug” used a lot of it as I went with a fairly simple background so the one skein I had spun was not enough! Had to stop and spin another skein when I was nearly finished. Oh well, it means I’ll have some ready for another fiber project.
For this size “rug” (roughly 16″ x 14″), the subjects need to fill the space as much as possible for any detail to show and look right. I’m trying to find an easier way to enlarge my drawings than redrawing from scratch based on a grid. I looked at buying on overhead projector or enlarger but they are fairly expensive and my scanner/ copier doesn’t enlarge. Still working on this.
Cats aren’t brown, but orange isn’t right either. I may have to design a roving or yarn that will give me the greyed orange with cream stripes that says tiger cat to me. In the first chair seat I used tweed yarn and it gave a nice random tan and white color to the cat. In this one I used a hand spun with random brown and white color changes. The way the colors fell gave a stripe to Sandy’s back and mostly brown elsewhere. With some planning I could create stripes where they are wanted but it would take a bit of work.
Black is also tough to re-create as mohair isn’t really black except in new born kids, it turns to grey, so it would have to be dyed to get that color. Additionally, shades of black would be needed to allow any details of the cat to be seen. The size of the rug makes the addition of whiskers pointless – they would either not be visible or take up a disproportional amount of space versus the rest of the body. The eyes were an issue too because of their proper size in relation to the entire body. Since the smallest object that can be hooked is 3 punches with the needle, that fixes the eye size in relation to the rest of the design. In this case the eyes seem too big for the body.
On to Chair Seat number 3!
Info on the yarns used is given below. The picture links to the full description and creation details for the yarn where available.
|Sky:||Starry Nights hand dyed (before carding) roving. Designed to look like the night sky (variegated blues, purples, black and bits of yellow) for use in weaving and rug hooking.|
|Moon:||Coreopsis hand dyed (after spinning) millspun. This yarn is shades of yellow with sections of yellow and white designed to stripe. I used a small amount from a section of yellows.|
|Cats:||Brown and white random color hand spun skein from a (stash) roving grab bag for Sandy.
Since natural black isn’t readily available in mohair, I bought a skein of Brown Sheep’s Lamb’s Pride Worsted Onyx from Alpaca Direct as they had the best price when I was shopping. It is a USA made 15% mohair/ 85% wool single ply yarn. I used this yarn for the black cat (Rori).
|I also used a mall amount hand spun natural DWF white mohair/ wool yarn for Rori’s white paws and stomach patches. Sport White Millspun 2 Ply 59% Mohair 31% Shetland Wool.|
|A small amount of Natural Dark Grey DK 2Ply Millspun 68% Mohair 32% Shetland, Blue Faced Leicester Wool was used to create depth in Rori, around the chin line and the inside of the ears.|
|Edging:||Iris – Hand Dyed (After Spinning) Millspun|
|Lettering:|| A small amount of hand spun, turkey baster hand dyed roving (white with small amounts of orange and blue) was used.
A ball of roving was soaked in water for an hour, then injected with colors using a turkey baster, heated to boiling for 30 minutes to set the colors, then washed before hand spinning.
Since I can’t take the afternoon heat lately, I’ve been working (finally) on a set of chair seats in honor of cats who have owned me. The first one (described in this post) is Sandy and Rori looking out the window. I used my homespun and millspun hand dyed yarns, all of which are wool/ mohair blends (details). The backing is 100% cotton Monk’s Cloth.
I designed Blue Skies yarn with variegated blues and a bit of white here and there to look like the sky in weaving and rug hooking. Similarly I designed Forest Dreams with primarily greens and a bit of blue to be used in weaving and rug hooking for broad expanses of trees or a forest with just a hint of sky poking through. Here it is used for carpeting or a reflection of the outside grass.
For this size “rug” (roughly 16″ x 14″), not much detail will show. Next in the series will be designed with less detail and the lettering will be made larger to show more clearly.
The Monk’s Cloth used was found hiding in my fabric stash (price was right!), but since it was 8×8 epi it was difficult to use for rug hooking. The design came out but it took more time and yarn than it should have because the yarn did not always stick into the fabric evenly. It was also hard to get the tension correct. After some searching I located 12-13 epi cotton Monk’s Cloth and ordered some for the rest of the series. The best price I found was from Earth Guild at $14/ yard (60 inch wide). The 8epi cloth was $4/ yard! It was not easy to find the right epi cloth because most web sites don’t list epi in the description.
Info on the yarns used is given below. The picture links to the full description and creation details for the yarn where available.
|Sky:||Sky Blue Hand Dyed (After Spinning) Millspun. Designed to look like sky with variegated blues for use in weaving and rug hooking.|
|Grass:||Forest Dreams Hand Dyed (Before Spinning) Millspun. Designed to look like trees/ forest with variegated green and a touch of blue for use in weaving and rug hooking.|
|Cats:||Tan White Tweed (for Sandy) Natural Color Millspun.
Since natural black isn’t readily available in mohair (black mohair is dark grey at best) I bought a skein of Brown Sheep’s Lamb’s Pride Worsted Onyx from Alpaca Direct as they had the best price when I was shopping. It is a USA made 15% mohair/ 85% wool single ply yarn. I used this yarn for the black cat (Rori).
|Clouds:||Small amount hand spun natural DWF white mohair/ wool yarn. Sport White Millspun 2 Ply 59% Mohair 31% Shetland Wool.|
|Edging:||Iris – Hand Dyed (After Spinning) Millspun|
|Birds:||Natural Dark Grey DK 2Ply Millspun 68% Mohair 32% Shetland, Blue Faced Leicester Wool|
|Lettering and Cloud Outlining:||Small amount of hand spun, turkey baster hand dyed roving (white with small amounts of orange and blue). A ball of roving was soaked in water for an hour, then injected with colors using a turkey baster, heated to boiling for 30 minutes to set the colors, then washed before hand spinning.|
The Corrymoor Farm web site says it all re mohair!
Their socks are all mohair with nylon added for stretch. Rare in this day of mostly plastic fabrics! Ohhh and the goats are gorgeous too.
Cool in summer, warm in winter.
Any moisture is quickly wicked away. This is true… we aren’t just saying it. It does mean that you can wear them for a considerably long time without washing them!
Good for your feet
Mohair fibres are naturally smooth which makes it difficult for foot bacteria to build up thereby preventing foot hygiene and health problems. Chiropodists and podiatrists recommend Corrymoor Socks. We find that people with sensitive skin or who can’t wear wool can wear our socks.
Hardwearing and will last for ages.
Mohair fibres are 3 times more resistant to rubbing than wool fibres.
Nice article from the Guardian….the strength, smoothness and gorgeous ability to drink up dye are well known mohair properties but I’ve never heard about anti-backerial properties of kid mohair!
‘Steve Whitley uses the fleece of his young angora goats in hosiery that ‘can be worn for as much as a year without washing.
A Devon farmer is claiming to have invented by accident socks that don’t smell and don’t need washing.
Steve Whitley said the fleece of angora kid goats does not trap smelly bacteria in the same way as scalier wool or cotton fibres, and his mohair socks can be worn for as much as a year without washing. Originally he sold the socks for their comfort and durability, and it was only the feedback from astonished customers that alerted him to their unique selling point.
“Customers began telling us that they could wear them for days without them becoming stiff or smelly,” said Whitley, 65. “It was the men who were more forthcoming about this, but then women began writing in. One orchestra leader boasted that he’d had his for a year without washing them.”
Bear Grylls, Fiona Bruce and Stephen Fry were among celebrities who snapped up his Corrymoor Mohair brand, which he claimed “can be worn day after day, week after week, in extreme conditions without any problems from foot odour or discomfort”.
Mohair, shorn from angora goats, is prized in the fashion world for its strength, warmth and resilience. Less well known is that the first shearings from kids are highly absorbent and prevent bacterial buildup by drawing sweat away from the skin.
The products, which cost around £10 a pair, are good news for a nation which, according to new findings, loses 84 million socks a month in the wash. Research commissioned by Samsung discovered that the average Briton will mislay £2,528 worth of dirty socks over a lifetime.
Whitley said he wears the same pair of socks round the farm for up to a fortnight before entrusting them to the laundry basket. Grylls, Bruce and Fry were among a dozen celebrities who promised to report back on how long theirs can withstand the heat.
They have a challenging record to break. “We received a letter from a lady who had recently lost her husband,” says Whitley. “He was so attached to his socks that he asked to be buried in them.”’
“1 in 5 breeds of the world’s farm animals is on the verge of extinction”
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
The easiest way to help is to use rare breed products and services!
Find a local farmer that sells fresh, healthy rare breed products. By giving these breeds and farmers a job, we help ensure their futures. Help rare breed populations grow by purchasing products like meat, milk, eggs, and fiber from heritage breeds.
I’m listed on both. My eggs are generally sold out in advance but there’s always lots of fiber looking for a new home!
NOTE: the Livestock Conservancy product directory search is down for updates as of today (May 5, 2016). If you join, members get a paper version of the directory.
Good news for poultry breeds! I love my rare chickens and am thrilled to be helping preserve these breeds for the future (Australorp, Chantecler, Delaware, Dominique, Favorelle).
Pittsboro, NC [May 4, 2016] – Today, The Livestock Conservancy is releasing its 2016 Conservation Priority List, and is excited to report that overall trends in North America are improving for endangered livestock and poultry breeds. 25 breeds have improved in status, 12 have declined, and 3 have been added to the list. 2 breeds of chickens, Orpingtons and Wyandottes, now have secure populations and are no longer at risk of extinction.
The majority of changes this year have occurred in the poultry categories, because The Livestock Conservancy recently completed an extensive nationwide poultry census, which polled thousands of poultry keepers to determine the population status of more than 90 poultry breeds. It revealed that more than 25% of poultry breeds’ populations grew in the past ten years.
“Even with the progress we have made in some breeds, many others still have a long way to go” said Dr. Alison Martin, the Conservancy’s executive director. According to a recent report by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, at least 17% of breeds worldwide are at risk of extinction.¹ In North America, the percentage of endangered breeds is much higher than average due to highly specialized agriculture, in which production is dominated by just a few breeds.
“The Livestock Conservancy’s priority list serves as the guide for our conservation efforts and shows us which breeds need the most help,” said Martin. “Some breeds like Choctaw hogs, Crèvecoeur chickens, and Caspian horses are actually much more rare than endangered wildlife species that most people are familiar with.” The Conservancy currently lists 51 breeds as Critically Endangered, meaning that they could easily become extinct without careful monitoring and breeding strategies in place. An additional 113 breeds are in less critical categories, but are still in need of conservation.
Since there are many “would be” or new chicken owners looking for guidance I’ve begun a series of articles summarizing what I’ve learned over 16 years of raising chickens. Seems like the place to start is with chicken breeds.
I feel it is important to support rare breeds as genetic diversity is very important to preserving chickens for the future. Currently genetic diversity is rapidly being lost in livestock species as farming becomes larger in scale and utilizes single breeds. In the poultry industry the white leghorn chicken is used pretty exclusively. Should something happen to the leghorn without other breeds available, chickens as a species could be wiped out.
I’m a member of the Livestock Conservancy and they provide information for free on rare and heritage breeds. These breeds are typically very thrifty, meaning they forage for themselves and are smart enough to recognize and try to elude predators. In many cases they were developed by our colonial ancestors who needed chickens to fit on a small homestead as good producers with minimal supervision.
Take a look at the Livestock Conservancy resources on chickens for help selecting the best breed for you. They have a great breed comparison chart (pdf) that will let you quickly scan for the features most important to you. A few notes on the breeds I have raised are below. Since I keep my hens until they die of old age (10+ years) and I focus on egg layers as I don’t sell my chickens for meat, my experience is different than those who only keep them a year or two.
Ameraucana or Easter Eggers:
Very prolific egg layer, with egg shell color in green shades. They are variable in personality and color as they are typically hybrids. Some are quite friendly, others are nearly wild (ie- flighty) but not aggressive. They have small combs so do well in cold weather. Roosters are pleasant and safe even with children. They are prone to reproductive tract issues as cause of death.
Very prolific egg layers, calm and easy going temperament. Large comb that is prone to frost bite even here in central NJ. I have never had roosters of this breed. Mine have all had crop issues (getting things stuck) but always (so far!) have recovered. I’ve only had mine for 3 years so don’t have any long term experience with them as yet.
Developed in Canada for cold weather tolerance (no comb), and good egg production in winter months. Very active, quick, and flighty personalities. I haven’t noticed better egg production than my other breeds during the slow season. I have never had roosters of this breed. They tend to be broodier than my other breeds. I’ve only had mine for 3 years so don’t have any long term experience with them as yet.
Large, friendly, easy going and tolerant birds. They are very good egg layers with a large comb that is prone to frost bite even here in central NJ. The roosters are wonderful, safe even for children. They don’t tend to live as long as other breeds, presumably due to the small genetic diversity within these chickens as there are so few of this breed around. Generally reproductive tract issues will do them in. They are incredibly resilient though. I have experienced them egg bound (with broken egg shells inside – you could hear and feel them) and they not only survived but recovered fully, at odds with what you can read in the veterinary literature.
Small, easy going, curious and friendly black and white birds. Barred rocks were bred from these birds and they carry sex linked coloring so that the females can be distinguished from the males at birth by the white dot on their foreheads. They have small rose combs which make them good in cold weather environments. They are also good egg layers. Roosters can be aggressive with strangers and I would not trust them with children but they never attacked me (they definitely recognized me as their caregiver). Prone to leg mites in old age.
Active, vocal birds with a few feathers on their feet. They definitely have in your face personalities but are not aggressive, just talkative, curious and friendly. They were bred in France for good egg laying in the winter season. I haven’t noticed better egg production than my other breeds during the slow season. I have never had roosters of this breed. I have only had this breed for about 3 years so have no long term experience with them.
Next: Buying chicks….
My kids were always dressed in diapers with the crotch cut out to fit over their heads as they made nice disposable sweaters! Back then I hadn’t taught myself to knit and didn’t have fencing to separate does and bucks so that I could plan births for more reasonable weather months!
For fun videos from Sunflower Farm check out their YouTube of kids in pajamas:
and quad kids with what looks like an Australorp hen:
Always helpful, Jasper gave the baby chicks lots of attention. Of course after above average March temperatures, April has been well below average. Thus the chicks arrived on the coldest day (24 degrees F) since late January. They are all fine although issues with the brooder light caused about an hour of worries trying to get the temperature correct.
You can tell when baby chicks are unhappy as they make a lot of noise. Happy chicks are silent or talk to one another in very soft cheeps. All the noise made them even more attractive to Jasper.
When baby chicks go into the brooder I give them water that is quite warm, about 98-100 degrees F as they will want to drink a lot and it’s important that the water doesn’t chill them. After a few hours ambient water temperature water is fine.
They do a lot of sleeping the first day, but it is amazing how quickly they catch on to eating and drinking. I start feeding them by sprinkling food on paper towels and by the end of the day have progressed to an open dish.
A beautiful, informative 6 minute video of a small weaving company on the Isle of Skye, Scotland. Their looms are powered by bicycle! Gives me lots of ideas. Gorgeous woolens.
Watch how we design and weave our woollen cloth, scarves, throws and more. Follow our footsteps across hills of Skye to find inspiration for our designs.